Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives
Written and Directed By: Apichatpong Weerasethakul
Starring: Thanapat Saisaymar, Jenjira Pongpas, Sakda Kaewbuadee, and Natthakarn Aphaiwonk.
Directors of Photography: Sayombhu Mukdeeprom, Yukontorn Mingmongkon and Charin Pengpanich. Editor: Lee Chatametikool. Production designer: Akekarat Homlaor
Rated: Not Rated, and pretty tame, save for a scene involving aquatic life.
By the time a princess does some unspeakable things with a catfish half way through the latest film by the acclaimed auteur Apichatpong Weerasethakul (he’ll tell you just to call him “Joe”), the film truly finds its absurdist, but slightly calming ground. The Thai filmmaker, known for his striking films Tropical Malady and Syndromes and a Century, has created a strange world of our own existence and filled it with animals, monsters, ghosts, doubles, and other strange sights. Yet Mr. Weerasethakul is not just putting the bizarre in our face to confound and play with us; there’s a philosophical and political stance behind every moment of his film. In Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives, Mr. Weerasethakul has found a narrative structure that reflects his own philosophy of life and death.
The title gives a good explanation of what to expect: Uncle Boonmee, who has a bad kidney and is soon on his way out, starts having visions while out in his countryside home in the Northern part of Thailand. His sister-in-law and son can see them too, and instead of freaking out, they kind of welcome them into their home. This is typical of Mr. Weerasethakul, who acknowledges the absurdity of his film’s narratives. When Boonmee’s deceased son returns as a “Ghost Monkey,” a walking, talking ape with red glowing eyes, Boonmee’s sister-in-law tells him “you’ve let your hair grow out.”
Those not used to Mr. Weerasethakul’s filmmaking style may find it jarring, or perhaps boring, but both couldn’t be further from the truth. At times he is riveting, such as a long descent into a cavern that feels like a journey through to the afterlife and back out the other side, surrounded in darkness that instead of becoming frightening, is like reaching back through time to our birth. In another shocking moment, two of the characters suddenly see themselves sitting where they were just moments before, watching an alternate present (perhaps a nod to Syndromes). Mr. Weerasethakul jumps through stories of immigrations, the troubles of monk life, and yes, the sometimes graphic connection between humans and nature, including the beasts that inhabit them.
Yet Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall Past Lives does not solidify anything in a straight interpretation, and finding the visual clues that link sequences together is a fascination as well, such as a moment near the end where bright red lights shine in a restaurant, matching those of the Ghost Monkeys starring from the forest. The film is a little more meandering than Mr. Weerasethakul’s previous films, which both used a split narrative structure, and seems to jump through ideas and philosophies of death a little too quickly. In fact, if anything, the film is a little too stuffed. Tropical Malady kept everything centered on the relationship between the two men—even if one was a tiger for half of it. But in Uncle Boonmee, Mr. Weerasethakul has no problem diverging into issues of Laotian immigration, or simply showing us how sweet the honey from Thai bees are.
Mr. Weerasethakul though is not one to waste any moment, except to immerse you in a culture and invite you into what is truly his own unique world, as well as poke fun at it. That culture may include water buffalo, soldiers hanging out with giant apes, and meditations on cinema itself. Uncle Boonmee can bring back the culture through memory, and manifest itself on the screen, which is what Mr. Weerasethakul seems to find fascinating. As the film’s credits end, we hear the production turning off camera, and ending for the day, as someone leaves the camera’s sound recorder on. It’s not a self-reflexive moment for the sake of being clever; it’s a reminder than we too are always watching the past, finding the culture that we’ve left behind, and want to return to by the end, which for Mr. Weerasethakul, is best described as a circle.